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成考高起点英语形容词误用辨析

2015-07-21 11:32http://www.baidu.com四川成人高考网

1.中文:他是两者中较高的。

(误)He is taller of the two.

(正)He is the taller of the two.(比较级+of the two,前面要加the.)

2.中文:汤姆是我们学校里最年轻的。

(误)Tom is youngest in our school.

(正)Tom is the youngest in our school.(形容词的最高级前面要加the.)

3.中文:他是所有人中最强壮的。

(误)He is the strongest in all.

(正)He is the strongest of all.(在同类中最…的,用介词of.)

4.中文:我的房子跟约翰的一样大。

(误)My house is so large as John’s.

(正)My house is as large as John’s.(肯定形式用as+原级形容词+as+主格。)

5.中文:汤姆比我年轻。

(误)Tom is less older than I am.

(正)Tom is less old than I am.(less+原级形容词+than.)

6.中文:他是班上个子最高的。

(误)He is taller than any boy in his class.

(正)He is taller than any other boy in his class.(使用比较级时,应避免与自己比,any boy包括他自己。)

7.中文:事态每况愈下。

(误)Things go from worse to worse.

(正)Things go from bad to worse.(from bad to worse = 每况愈下,越来越糟。)

8.中文:多数人喜爱音乐。

(误)The most people are fond of music.

(正)Most people are fond of music.(Most泛指大多数,前面不加the.)

9.中文:他至少遗失了一万元。

(误)He has lost not fewer than ten thousand dollars.

(正)He has lost not less than ten thousand dollars.(not less than=more than,at least,表示至少。)

10.中文:他们听得越久,就越不喜欢他。

(误)The longer they listen to him, the little they like him.

(正)The longer they listen to him, the less they like him.(the+比较级…,the+比较级…表示两者的同步增长。)